Urban infrastructure is a generic name of the sector, which includes various types of services like Sewerage network, Solid Waste disposal system, Energy efficiency and Townships provided in the urban agglomerations. The services provided in the urban agglomerations in general are:
- Township Development
- Waste water management
- Sanitation and Solid waste management
- Slum and primary health services
- Electricity and gas distribution
- Energy Efficiency Projects
- Environmental Regulation
Multilevel Parking/ parking related facilities
Moreover to this, development of residential townships is also an important aspect of development of urban infrastructure.
Institutional Framework for Urban Infrastructure
The Constitution (73rd and 74th Amendment of 1992) created the statutory framework for a third tier of government for rural and urban areas through democratic decentralisation. The powers and functions that the State Government may devolve to local governments through legislation are;
- Urban planning including town planning
- Regulation for land use and construction of buildings
- Planning for economic and social development
- Roads and bridges
- Sewerage Network for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes
- Rehabilitation & resettlement of slum pockets
Role of local bodies (Municipal Corporations/ Urban Development Authorities/ Municipalities)
The Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation (BPMC) Act (1949) is the governing act for the municipal corporations of Ahmedabad and Surat. Under this act, these corporations are bodies incorporate with perpetual succession and common seal. The other municipal corporations were constituted under the Gujarat Municipalities Act (1963).
Because of these acts, and the constitutional amendments, the municipal corporations have been relatively financially autonomous bodies. It becomes the responsibility of the local bodies (Municipal Corporation/ Urban Development Authority/ Municipality) to provide for the services of water supply and distribution, sewerage collection and treatment, solid waste collection and disposal, and Urban transportation including roads, flyovers, by passes, bus and/ or rail network for urban transportation.
To provide all these services in ever expanding cities of Gujarat is an enormous task, which our local bodies are doing with fair amount of success. But as these bodies are engrossed in their day to day activities, they find little time for planning and structuring the new projects to address the ever increasing needs of the citizens of the urban areas.
This is where a need to have an agency who can help the urban local bodies in identifying, developing and structuring the projects in Urban infrastructure. GIDB endeavours to play this role.
Project Status of Urban Infrastructure More...